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An addition was made to the general Commentary in the 2007 version.

Chapter 9 contains rules relating to the relationship between the claims leader and the co-insurers. In practice, both hull insurances and the separate insurances against total loss are covered with a number of insurers who separately take on a portion of the risk. Each of these partial insurances is based on an independent agreement and the insurers issue separate insurance contracts.

As a main rule, an owner does not want to negotiate the insurance conditions with each individual insurer, but confines himself to reaching an agreement with one individual insurer (the rating leader), or with a few insurers. Such agreements are normally accepted automatically by the others. The relationship between the rating leader and the other insurers is not regulated in the Plan.

Additionally, as regards questions which arise during the insurance period - first and foremost questions in connection with casualties, salvage and the claims settlement - one of the insurers (the claims leader) will normally represent all of the insurers vis-à-vis the assured. The basis for this is often contained in what is known as a claims-leader clause. However, the 1964 Plan established a few explicit rules relating to the relationship between the claims leader and the other insurers, and these rules have essentially been retained in the Plan. Cl. 147 of the 1964 Plan, which provided the right to sue the co-insurers at the claims leader’s venue, has, however, been incorporated in Cl. 1-4A, sub-clause 1 (c) of the Plan for insurances with a Nordic claims leader, and in sub-clause 3 for insurances with a non-Nordic claims leader. In the 2019 Version, a default arbitration clause was added as Cl. 1-4B for insurances with non-Nordic claims leader. Furthermore, the claims leader’s authority has been expanded, see first and foremost Cl. 9-3, and new rules have also been introduced relating to the question as to how to deal with the claims leader’s disbursements in the event of the co-insurer’s bankruptcy, and relating to the claims leader’s right to interest on disbursements in Cl. 9-10 and Cl. 9-11, respectively.

Questions that have not been regulated must, as before, be resolved on the basis of business considerations on a case-to-case basis. In the event of conflicts, it will be necessary to fall back on any agreements that may have been entered into, possibly supplemented with general background law.

If the insurance has been effected on Plan conditions, the co-insurers will be aware that the claims leader chosen by the assured is authorised to act on their behalf under the rules of Chapter 9.  If they wish to change this authorisation, they may include a “claims leader following clause”. However, the standard clause is not intended for use in combination with Plan conditions.

The rules contained in this Chapter will only be applicable with respect to co-insurers who have also given insurances on Plan conditions.